N-Doped TiO2-Coated ceramic membrane for carbamazepine degradation in different water qualities

Enbal Luster, Dror Avisar, Inna Horovitz, Luca Lozzi, Mark A. Baker, Rossana Grilli, Hadas Mamane*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The photocatalytic degradation of the model pollutant carbamazepine (CBZ) was investigated under simulated solar irradiation with an N-doped TiO2-coated Al2O3 photocatalytic membrane, using different water types. The photocatalytic membrane combines photocatalysis and membrane filtration in a single step. The impact of each individual constituent such as acidity, alkalinity, dissolved organic matter (DOM), divalent cations (Mg2+ and Ca2+), and Cl on the degradation of CBZ was examined. CBZ in water was efficiently degraded by an N-doped TiO2-coated Al2O3 membrane. However, elements added to the water, which simulate the constituents of natural water, had an impact on the CBZ degradation. Water alkalinity inhibited CBZ degradation mostly due to increase in pH while radical scavenging by carbonate was more dominant at higher values (>200 mg/L as CaCO3). A negative effect of Ca2+ addition on photocatalytic degradation was found only in combination with phosphate buffer, probably caused by deposition of CaHPO4 or CaHPO42H2O on the catalyst surface. The presence of Cl and Mg2+ ions had no effect on CBZ degradation. DOM significantly inhibited CBZ degradation for all tested background organic compounds. The photocatalytic activity of N-doped TiO2-coated Al2O3 membranes gradually decreased after continuous use; however, it was successfully regenerated by 0.1% HCl chemical cleaning. Nevertheless, dissolution of metals like Al and Ti should be monitored following acid cleaning.

Original languageEnglish
Article number206
Issue number8
StatePublished - 31 Jul 2017


  • Membrane regeneration
  • N-doped TiO
  • Photocatalyticmembrane
  • Radical scavenging
  • Water quality
  • Water treatment


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