Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are among the most frequent etiologies for admission to the intensive care unit. These patients are at a high risk of malnutrition due to hypercatabolism caused by inflammation, drugs, and de-conditioning. Nutrition should support minimizing the loss of lean body mass and accurately meet energy demands. Additional use of omega- 3 fatty acid, γ- linolenic acid, and antioxidant-enriched diets has been suggested in recent years as a tool to improve outcome in ALI/ARDS patients. More recent findings have taught us that too much of these supplements are detrimental and that the bolus administration may not be as efficient as continuous administration.
|Title of host publication||Nutrition in Intensive Care Medicine|
|Subtitle of host publication||Beyond Physiology|
|Publisher||S. Karger AG|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 1 Oct 2012|