Myofibroblasts in stroma of odontogenic cysts and tumors can contribute to variations in the biological behavior of lesions

Marilena Vered, Izhar Shohat, Amos Buchner, Dan Dayan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Stromal myofibroblasts (MF) have the potential to facilitate progression of neoplastic epithelial lesions that could contribute to their biological behavior. To assess immunohistochemically the frequency of stromal MF in different odontogenic cysts and tumors and correlate it to their aggressive biological behavior. The study included cases of dentigerous cyst (DC, n = 7), odontogenic keratocyst-parakeratinized type (OKC-P, n = 8), orthokeratinized type (OKC-O, n = 9), ameloblastic fibroma/fibro-odontoma (AMF/O, n = 11), unicystic ameloblastoma (UAM, n = 6), and solid ameloblastoma (SAM, n = 7). Cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC, n = 5) served as control. Myofibroblast frequency was assessed as the number of alpha smooth muscle actin (αSMA)-positive stromal cells in 10 high-power fields, presented as the mean number of positive cells per field. Counts showed that mean number of positive cells in OKC-P (25.7 ± 11.4) was significantly higher than in DC (8.7 ± 11.6) (p = 0.024) and in SAM (29 ± 7) it was significantly higher than in UAM (14.9 ± 4.9) and AMF/O (5.6 ± 7.5) (p < 0.001). Counts in OKC-P and SAM were not significantly different from SCC (21.3 ± 5.3) (p > 0.05). The high frequency of stromal MF in known aggressive odontogenic lesions, such as OKC-P and SAM, implies that MF can contribute to the biological behavior of these odontogenic lesions. Various pharmacological agents that control stromal MF can be used as an aid to reduce extensive and mutilating surgery in cases of remarkably aggressive odontogenic lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1028-1033
Number of pages6
JournalOral Oncology
Volume41
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • Biological aggressiveness
  • Odontogenic cysts
  • Odontogenic tumors
  • Stromal myofibroblasts

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