Myofibroblast gene expression profile after tooth extraction in the Rabbit

Simone Marconcini, Maria Denaro, Saverio Cosola, Mario Gabriele, Paolo Toti, Eitan Mijiritsky, Agnese Proietti, Fulvio Basolo, Enrica Giammarinaro, Ugo Covani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

After tooth extraction, the alveolar bone tends to shrink in volume, especially on the vestibular side. The role of myofibroblasts in bone remodeling has not been suciently investigated. The aim of the present study was to explore the gene expression related to myofibroblasts presence and activity during a 90-day healing period after tooth extraction. The study included 36 rabbits, and a single tooth extraction was performed on each rabbit. The extractive sockets were randomly distributed to natural healing or to scarification of the wound. The sacrifices were staggered in such a manner that animals contributed with sockets representing 2, 7, 15, 30, 60, and 90 days of healing. Nanostring technology was used to evaluate the expression of a wide panel consisting in 148 genes related to the activation, induction, and suppression of myofibroblasts, socket microenvironment, and autophagy. We found that the expression profile of this custom panel was time-related. The post-extractive socket was subjected to significant gene expression changes after 15 days: the genes involved in the induction of myofibroblasts were up-regulated in the first 15-day period and down-regulated during the rest of the follow-up. The study suggested that myofibroblasts play a major role in the immediate 15-day period following tooth extraction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3697
JournalMaterials
Volume12
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alveolar bone
  • Fibroblasts
  • Gene expression
  • Wound healing

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