Myocardial perfusion profile in a young population with and without known coronary artery disease: comparison by gender

Nili Zafrir*, Israel Mats, Alejandro Solodky, Ran Kornowski, Jaqueline Sulkes, Alexander Battler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: More and more young people are being referred for evaluation or screening for coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the value of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in this population is unclear, especially in the absence of symptoms. Methods: The study sample included 1765 consecutive patients less than 51 years old who were referred to a major medical center for stress/rest MPI study. Clinical and MPI variables were compared between patients with and without known CAD, by gender. Results: There were 1346 (76%) men and 419 (24%) women of mean age 44±6 years; 461 (26%) had known CAD. Stress-induced ischemia was detected in 321 patients (18.2%) and significant ischemia in 131 (7.4%); there was no difference in the rate or severity of ischemia by presence of symptoms. Among those without known CAD, the rate of stress-inducedischemia by MPI was significantly lower in women than men. On logistic regression analysis, the independent predictors of ischemia in men were high cholesterol, diabetes, angina during stress testing, ST depression, andsmoking (P<.0001); and in women, the independent predictorswere diabetes and high cholesterol. Conclusion: Known CAD and stress-induced ischemia are significantly more prevalent in young men than in young women, irrespective of risk factors. The independent predictors of ischemia differ between men and women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E39-E43
JournalClinical Cardiology
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010

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