Myeloblastic cell line expresses osteoclastic properties following coculture with marrow stromal adipocytes

Dafna Benayahu*, A. Peled, D. Zipori

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Osteoclasts are derived from hemopoietic precursors in the marrow. Their differentiation pathway is still underfined, but an important role was obserned for the marrow micrienvironment in the regulation of osteoclasto genesis. various marrow stromal cell subtypes were used to study their possible role in the formation of osteoclasts from myeloblast (M1) cells. Interactions between M1 cell and the 14F1.1 endothelial‐adipocyte stromal cell line were demonstrated in a coculture model. M1 cells attached to the adherent layer of 14F1.1 cells and formed distinct focireminiscente of “cobblestone areas.” Follwing these inteactions, M1 Cells developed specific enzymatic activites and became multinucleated. Both monouclear M1 cells became positive to tartrate‐resistant acid phosphatase (TRaP) and ATPase, a feature charactreistic of osteoclasts, and were also responsive to calcitonin. Furthermore, they attached to mineralized bone particles and their membrane changed into a ruffled border at the zone of interaction with the bone matrix. We thus demonstrated that marrow endothelial‐adipocytes may play a role in regulating the differentiation of myeloblast into osteoclasts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-384
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • ATPase
  • TRaP
  • myeloblast cells
  • osteoclast precusors
  • stroma microenvironment


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