Mutual cancellation between tones presented by air conduction, by bone conduction and by non-osseous (soft tissue) bone conduction

Shai Chordekar, Leonid Kriksunov, Liat Kishon-Rabin, Cahtia Adelman, Haim Sohmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Auditory sensation can be elicited not only by air conducted (AC) sound or bone conducted (BC) sound, but also by stimulation of soft tissue (STC) sites on the head and neck relatively distant from deeply underlying bone. Tone stimulation by paired combinations of AC with BC (mastoid) and/or with soft tissue conduction produce the same pitch sensation, mutual masking and beats. The present study was designed to determine whether they can also cancel each other. The study was conducted on ten normal hearing subjects. Tones at 2kHz were presented in paired combinations by AC (insert earphone), by BC (bone vibrator) at the mastoid, and by the same bone vibrator to several STC sites; e.g. the neck, the sterno-cleido-mastoid muscle, the eye, and under the chin, shifting the phases between the pairs. Subjects reported changes in loudness and cancellation. The phase for cancellation differed across subjects. Neck muscle manipulations (changes in head position) led to alterations in the phase at which cancellation was reported. Cancellation was also achieved between pairs of tones to two STC sites. The differing phases for cancellation across subjects and the change in phase accompanying different head positions may be due to the different acoustic impedances of the several tissues in the head and neck. A major component of auditory stimulation by STC may not induce actual skull bone vibrations and may not involve bulk fluid volume displacements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-184
Number of pages5
JournalHearing Research
Volume283
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

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