Rheumatological manifestations are frequently reported in patients with brucellosis.In a retrospective study of 90 patients diagnosed with brucellosis over a period of 18 years, 83 (92%) patients were Bedouins, 55 of whom (61%) reported ingestion of unpasteurized goat milk and goat milk products. The male/female ratio was 1:1, and the adult to child ratio was 3:2. The mean age of the patients was 25 years (range, 1-72 years). Rheumatological manifestations (myalgia, arthralgia, and arthritis) were reported in more than half of the patients. These manifestations started on days 3 and 4 of the disease and were mild to moderate in severity. Myalagia was evident in 49 (54%) patients and was more common in adults than in children (67% versus 37%; P < .01) and in men (67%) than in women (42%; P < .01). Arthralgia was the most common musculoskeletal manifestation, found in 55 (61%) patients, and occurred more often in children than in adults (74% versus 52%; P < .05). Arthritis was detected in 37 (41%) patients. The hip and knee joints were the most common sites of arthritis (31% each) followed by sacroiliac involvement (17%) and shoulder or spine involvement (5% each). Arthritis was also more common in children (63% versus 29%; P < .01). The prevalence of arthritis was similar in men and women. Cure was achieved in all patients after antibiotic therapy.
- musculoskeletal manifestations