Muscle thickness measured by ultrasound is reduced in neuromuscular disorders and correlates with clinical and electrophysiological findings

Alon Abraham*, Vivian E. Drory, Yaara Fainmesser, Avi A. Algom, Leif E. Lovblom, Vera Bril

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Nerve imaging has a limited role in axonal and muscle fiber loss. In this study, we sought to explore the utility of standardized muscle ultrasound (US) assessment in these clinical scenarios. Methods: We performed a prospective study from March to August 2018 of patients attending the neuromuscular clinic. All patients underwent clinical evaluation and standardized muscle thickness measurement by US in seven muscles. Results: The study cohort consisted of 114 participants, including patients with polyneuropathy, motor neuron disease, and myopathy. The smallest distal muscle thickness was found in patients with polyneuropathy, while the smallest proximal muscle thickness was found in patients with myopathy. Muscle thickness was strongly correlated with muscle strength (r2 = 0.62), electrophysiological findings (r2: 0.44-0.55), and disability score (r2 = 0.53). Discussion: Standardized muscle thickness measured by US shows diagnostic usefulness in a spectrum of neuromuscular disorders and correlates with clinical and electrophysiological findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-692
Number of pages6
JournalMuscle and Nerve
Volume60
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • muscle thickness
  • muscle ultrasound
  • neuromuscular disorders
  • neuromuscular ultrasound
  • neuropathy

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