Multifunctional microelectronic fibers enable wireless modulation of gut and brain neural circuits

Atharva Sahasrabudhe, Laura E. Rupprecht, Sirma Orguc, Tural Khudiyev, Tomo Tanaka, Joanna Sands, Weikun Zhu, Anthony Tabet, Marie Manthey, Harrison Allen, Gabriel Loke, Marc Joseph Antonini, Dekel Rosenfeld, Jimin Park, Indie C. Garwood, Wei Yan, Farnaz Niroui, Yoel Fink, Anantha Chandrakasan, Diego V. BohórquezPolina Anikeeva*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Progress in understanding brain–viscera interoceptive signaling is hindered by a dearth of implantable devices suitable for probing both brain and peripheral organ neurophysiology during behavior. Here we describe multifunctional neural interfaces that combine the scalability and mechanical versatility of thermally drawn polymer-based fibers with the sophistication of microelectronic chips for organs as diverse as the brain and the gut. Our approach uses meters-long continuous fibers that can integrate light sources, electrodes, thermal sensors and microfluidic channels in a miniature footprint. Paired with custom-fabricated control modules, the fibers wirelessly deliver light for optogenetics and transfer data for physiological recording. We validate this technology by modulating the mesolimbic reward pathway in the mouse brain. We then apply the fibers in the anatomically challenging intestinal lumen and demonstrate wireless control of sensory epithelial cells that guide feeding behaviors. Finally, we show that optogenetic stimulation of vagal afferents from the intestinal lumen is sufficient to evoke a reward phenotype in untethered mice.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNature Biotechnology
StateAccepted/In press - 2023
Externally publishedYes


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