Multiform accelerated idioventricular rhythm in acute myocardial infarction: Electrocardiographic characteristics and response to verapamil

Samuel Sclarovsky, Boris Strasberg, Jacob Fuchs, Ruben F. Lewin, Alexander Arditi, Eliezer Klainman, Oscar H. Kracoff, Jacob Agmon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Thirteen patients with acute myocardial infarction with multiform accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR) occurring during the first 12 hours of monitoring in the coronary care unit are described. This arrhythmia, similar to the more common uniform AIVR, was intermittent, did not cause hemodynamic compromise, and was not related to more serious ventricular arrhythmias. There was no correlation between the bundle branch block pattern of the multiform AIVR and the electrocardiographic location of the myocardial infarction, but there was a perfect correlation between the frontal plane electrical axis of the multiform AIVR and the electrocardiographic location of the myocardial infarction. The presence of fusion beats between the different forms of AIVR suggests multifocality rather than multiformity. Intravenous verapamil (3 to 5 mg bolus) was administered to 6 patients with multiform AIVR in whom the arrhythmias were persistent enough to allow the evaluation of the effect of verapamil on the arrhythmia. Verapamil caused no change in the rate of AIVR in 1 patient, but in a second patient it decreased the rate by 20 beats/min. In 4 patients, verapamil abolished the arrhythmia: in 2 patients carotid sinus pressure (induced sinus slowing) allowed the emergence of the AIVR at a lower rate, and in the remaining 2 patients the arrhythmia was not observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-47
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1983
Externally publishedYes

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