Multi-Vessel Disease in Metabolically Healthy Obese Patients Presenting with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Zach Rozenbaum*, Ilan Merdler, Itamar Loewenstein, Keren Lee-Rozenfeld, Shmuel Banai, Yacov Shacham

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The extent and impact of obesity as an isolated risk factor for coronary artery disease is not clear since co-morbidities serve as confounders and may mask this association. Objectives: To examine whether obesity is associated with extensive coronary artery disease among metabolically healthy patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and to explore the outcomes according to body mass index (BMI). Methods: We stratified STEMI patients who had a metabolically healthy phenotype and available weight and height data according to BMI: 18.5-25 kg/m2(lean), 25.01-30 kg/m2(overweight), and > 30 kg/m2(obese). Results: Overall 381 patients were included, 42% lean, 41% overweight, and 17% obese. Patients with increased BMIs had higher levels of low-density proteins and triglycerides (P < 0.05). Obese patients presented with the lowest rates of multi-vessel disease (12.9% vs. 22.9% for overweight and 28% for lean). In a univariate analysis, obese patients were 60% less likely to be diagnosed with multi-vessel disease (odds ratio 0.4, 95% confidence interval 0.2-0.9, P = 0.021) compared to lean patients. The association remained significant in a multivariate model adjusted for baseline characteristics (P = 0.029). There were no differences in 30-day or long- term mortality (median follow-up 3.2 years) among the groups (P > 0.1 for all comparisons). Conclusions: Metabolically healthy phenotype obesity was associated with lower rates of multi-vessel disease despite higher levels of triglycerides; however, this association did not translate into increased mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-56
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022


  • ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)
  • coronary artery disease (CAD)
  • metabolically healthy obese
  • microvascular disease (MVD)
  • obesity


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