This article tries to show that the Qur'ānic al-Masjid al-Aqscombining dot belowá (Q 17:1) stands for the earthly Jerusalem and not for a heavenly sanctuary as held by many modern scholars. The Jerusalem for which it stands is a Christian holy city, a "New Jerusalem" that replaced the one that had been destroyed because of the sinful Jews. Muhammad's Qur'ānic night journey to that place is a vision like the one experienced already by Ezekiel. The earliest tafsīr sources are unanimous that the Qur'ānic al-Masjid al-Aqscombining dot belowā stands for Jerusalem (Bayt al-Maqdis). Only in some Shī'ī sources do we find the claim that al-Masjid al-Aqscombining dot belowā is in heaven which means that the Prophet never came to Jerusalem. This claim reflects the Shī'ī anti-Umayyad attitude, and was designed to deprive Jerusalem of its special sacred status as a pilgrimage destination. The claim was inspired by traditions describing a night journey of Muhammad from Mecca straight to heaven. These latter traditions originally belonged to the cycle of the stories about Muhcombining dot belowammad's first revelation, and had nothing to do with his night journey to Jerusalem.
- Al-Masjid al-Aqscombining dot belowā
- Hcombining dot belowadīth
- Muhcombining dot belowammad
- New Jerusalem