MUC13, a Novel Human Cell Surface Mucin Expressed by Epithelial and Hemopoietic Cells

Stephanie J. Williams, Daniel H. Wreschner, Mai Tran, Helen J. Eyre, Grant R. Sutherland, Michael A. McGuckin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Transmembrane mucins are glycoproteins involved in barrier function in epithelial tissues. To identify novel transmembrane mucin genes, we performed a tblastn search of the GenBank™ EST data bases with a serine/ threonine-rich search string, and a rodent gene expressed in bone marrow was identified. We determined the cDNA sequence of the human orthologue of this gene, MUC13, which localizes to chromosome band 3q13.3 and generates 3.2-kilobase pair transcripts encoding a 512-amino acid protein comprised of an N-terminal mucin repeat domain, three epidermal growth factor-like sequences, a SEA module, a transmembrane domain, and a cytoplasmic tail (GenBank™ accession no. AF286113). MUC13 mRNA is expressed most highly in the large intestine and trachea, and at moderate levels in the kidney, small intestine, appendix, and stomach. In situ hybridization in murine tissues revealed expression in intestinal epithelial and lymphoid cells. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated the human MUC13 protein on the apical membrane of both columnar and goblet cells in the gastrointestinal tract, as well as within goblet cell thecae, indicative of secretion in addition to presence on the cell surface. MUC13 is cleaved, and the β-subunit containing the cytoplasmic tail undergoes homodimerization. Including MUC13, there are at least five cell surface mucins expressed in the gastrointestinal tract.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18327-18336
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Jan 2001

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