MRI-visible perivascular spaces in cerebral amyloid angiopathy and hypertensive arteriopathy

Andreas Charidimou, Gregoire Boulouis, Marco Pasi, Eitan Auriel, Ellis S. Van Etten, Kellen Haley, Alison Ayres, Kristin M. Schwab, Sergi Martinez-Ramirez, Joshua N. Goldstein, Jonathan Rosand, Anand Viswanathan, Steven M. Greenberg, M. Edip Gurol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess MRI-visible enlarged perivascular spaces (EPVS) burden and different topographical patterns (in the centrum semiovale [CSO] and basal ganglia [BG]) in 2 common microangiopathies: cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) and hypertensive arteriopathy (HA). Methods: Consecutive patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) from a prospective MRI cohort were included. Small vessel disease MRI markers, including cerebral microbleeds (CMBs), cortical superficial siderosis (cSS), and white matter hyperintensities (WMH), were rated. CSO-EPVS/BG-EPVS were assessed on a validated 4-point visual rating scale (0 = no EPVS, 1 = <10, 2 = 11-20, 3 = 21-40, and 4 = >40 EPVS). We tested associations of predefined high-degree (score >2) CSO-EPVS and BG-EPVS with other MRI markers in multivariable logistic regression. We subsequently evaluated associations with CSO-EPVS predominance (i.e., CSO-EPVS > BG-EPVS) and BG-EPVS predominance pattern (i.e., BG-EPVS > CSO-EPVS) in adjusted multinomial logistic regression (reference group, BG-EPVS = CSO-EPVS). Results: We included 315 patients with CAA-ICH and 137 with HA-ICH. High-degree CSO-EPVS prevalence was greater in CAA-related ICH vs HA-related ICH (43.8% vs 17.5%, p < 0.001). In multivariable logistic regression, high-degree CSO-EPVS was associated with lobar CMB (odds ratio [OR] 1.33, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.10-1.61, p = 0.003) and cSS (OR 2.08, 95% CI 1.30-3.32, p = 0.002). Deep CMBs (OR 2.85, 95% CI 1.75-4.64, p < 0.0001) and higher WMH volume (OR 1.02, 95% CI 1.01-1.04, p = 0.010) were predictors of high-degree BG-EPVS. A CSO-EPVS-predominant pattern was more common in CAA-ICH than in HA-ICH (75.9% vs 39.4%, respectively, p < 0.0001). CSO-PVS predominance was associated with lobar CMB burden and cSS, while BG-EPVS predominance was associated with HA-ICH and WMH volumes. Conclusions: Different patterns of MRI-visible EPVS provide insights into the dominant underlying microangiopathy type in patients with spontaneous ICH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1157-1164
Number of pages8
JournalNeurology
Volume88
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes

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