Motivators and barriers to exercise in an older community-dwelling population

Jiska Cohen-Mansfield*, Marcia S. Marx, Jack M. Guralnik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

203 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study aimed to ascertain perceived barriers and motivators to exercise in people age 74-85 and to clarify the meaning of these barriers and motivators by examining participant characteristics that relate to them. 324 community-dwelling participants age 74-85 completed a health questionnaire that included items on barriers and motivators to exercise, as well as questions on demographic variables, health, and exercise. Selected participants then completed a physical-performance battery to measure functional performance. Barriers and motivators were related internally, as well as to many other factors including pain and depressed affect on the Geriatric Depression Scale. The findings suggest a need for individualized and comprehensive approaches to the presentation of exercise programs. Health interventions are needed that will address both physical pain and depressed affect and explain the importance of exercise even in the presence of health problems. An understanding of the context of reported barriers and motivators is necessary for correct interpretation and program development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-253
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Facilitators to exercise
  • Perceived incentives
  • Physical activity

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