Mortality following surgery for geriatric hip fractures: is it the timing or the co-morbidities?

Eyal Yaacobi, Omer Marom, Nadav Gutman, Shatha Zabarqa, Yaron Brin, Nissim Ohana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hip fractures are prevalent in the elderly population and present serious health, social and economic problems, with an impact on morbidity and mortality. Today, it is common practice to surgically repair these fractures as early as possible, preferably within 48 hours of hospital admission. However, there is conflicting evidence in the literature about the effect of the timing of surgery on postoperative mortality. Objectives: To assess the association between surgery delay and other demographic and clinical variables with an increased mortality rate after surgical treatment of hip fractures in the elderly. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on patients aged ⩾65 years with a primary diagnosis of hip fracture. All patients underwent surgery in our Medical Center from 2015 to 2017. A multivariate model of logistic regression, Cox regression model and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were used to evaluate the relationship between various variables and mortality rates at 3- and 12-month follow-ups. Results: A total of 877 patients were included, 30% were men and 70% women; the mean age was 83.3 years. Multivariate analysis showed that mortality was significantly higher among patients who underwent late surgery, after adjusting for gender, age, co-morbidity, age of surgeon, duration of surgery and duration of hospitalisation (p = 0.030). Surgical delay was significantly associated with higher mortality rates both at 3 month (p = 0.041) and at 12 months after surgery (p = 0.013). The presence of ischemic heart disease, congestive heart failure, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and chronic renal failure, as well as male gender and older age, were also significantly associated with higher early and late mortality. Conclusions: In elderly patients, hip fracture surgery should be performed within 48 hours of admission. Male and older patients, as well as patients with the aforementioned co-morbidities, are at higher risk of mortality at 3 and 12 months after surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-275
Number of pages5
JournalHIP International
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Death
  • hip fracture
  • morbidity
  • mortality

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