Mortality and morbidity in preterm small-for-gestational-age infants: A population-based study

Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, Brian Reichman, Liat Lerner-Geva, Valentina Boyko, Cathy Hammerman, Arnon Samueloff, Michael S. Schimmel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: We sought to evaluate the impact of severity of growth restriction on mortality and major neonatal morbidity among very-low-birthweight small-for-gestational-age infants. Study Design: This was a population-based observational study using data collected by the Israel National Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infant Database 1995 through 2007 including infants 24-31 weeks' gestation, with birthweight (BW) ≤50th percentile without major malformations. Four BW percentile groups were considered: <3rd, 3rd-<10th, 10th-<25th, and a reference group 25th-50th percentile. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed. Results: Infants of BW 3rd-<10th percentile were at increased risk for grades 3-4 retinopathy of prematurity (odds ratio [OR], 2.07; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.542.78), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (OR, 2.52; 95% CI, 2.033.12), necrotizing enterocolitis (OR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.041.68), and mortality (OR, 2.37; 95% CI, 1.942.90). The risk was further increased among infants of BW <3rd percentile. Conclusion: Growth restriction severity may serve as a clinical marker of degree of risk for neonatal mortality and various morbidities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150.e1-150.e7
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2012


  • growth percentile
  • morbidity
  • mortality
  • small for gestational age
  • very low birthweight


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