Morpho-ecological aspects on the pollination of Calotropis procera (Asclepiadaceae) in Israel

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Calotropis procera (Asclepiadaceae) grows in Israel under extremely hot climatic conditions. Flower morphology is adapted towards the concealment of nectar, in order to protect it against robbery by ants and from evaporation. Pollinia while being inserted within the stigmatic chamber, are soaked in the liquid nectar which, by its concentration controls pollen germination. Two Carpenter bees (Xylocopa) are the only pollinators and their behavior on flowers is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-194
Number of pages10
JournalPlant Systematics and Evolution
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Sep 1986


  • Angiosperms
  • Asclepiadaceae
  • Calotropis procera
  • Flora of Israel
  • Pollen germination
  • Xylocopa
  • nectar concentration
  • robbery by ants


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