Monocytes give rise to mucosal, but not splenic, conventional dendritic cells

Chen Varol, Limor Landsman, Darin K. Fogg, Liat Greenshtein, Boaz Gildor, Raanan Margalit, Vyacheslav Kalchenko, Frederic Geissmann, Steffen Jung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

501 Scopus citations


The mononuclear phagocyte (MP) system is a body-wide macrophage (MΦ) and dendritic cell (DC) network, which contributes to tissue homeostasis, inflammation, and immune defense. The in vivo origins of MPs remain poorly understood. Here, we use an adoptive precursor cell transfer strategy into MP-depleted mice to establish the in vivo differentiation sequence from a recently identified MΦ/DC-restricted bone marrow (BM) precursor (MDP) via BM and blood intermediates to peripheral MΦs and DCs. We show that MDPs are in vivo precursors of BM and blood monocytes. Interestingly, grafted Gr1 high "inflammatory" blood monocytes shuttle back to the BM in the absence of inflammation, convert into Gr1low monocytes, and contribute further to MP generation. The grafted monocytes give rise to DCs in the intestinal lamina propria and lung, but not to conventional CD11c high DCs in the spleen, which develop during homeostasis from MDPs without a monocytic intermediate. JEM

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-180
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - 22 Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes


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