Monitoring the response to rTMS in depression with visual analog scales

Leon Grunhaus*, Ornah T. Dolberg, Dana Polak, Pinhas N. Dannon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Visual analog scales (VAS) administered on a daily basis provide a fast and reliable method for assessing clinical change during transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). We treated 40 patients with major depression with TMS and assessed their clinical condition with VAS. Response to TMS was defined with the Hamilton rating scale for depression and the Global assessment of function scale. Nineteen patients of 40 were responders to TMS (when the whole sample was considered) whereas 17 of 29 responded when only the non-psychotic patients were considered. Patients who eventually responded to TMS demonstrated early changes in the VAS scores. We conclude that monitoring with VAS scores can detect early response to TMS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-352
Number of pages4
JournalHuman Psychopharmacology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Major depression
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation
  • Visual analog scales
  • rTMS


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