Moment inversion problem for piecewise D-finite functions

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Abstract

We consider the problem of exact reconstruction of univariate functions with jump discontinuities at unknown positions from their moments. These functions are assumed to satisfy an a priori unknown linear homogeneous differential equation with polynomial coefficients on each continuity interval. Therefore, they may be specified by a finite amount of information. This reconstruction problem has practical importance in signal processing and other applications. It is somewhat of a 'folklore' that the sequence of the moments of such 'piecewise D-finite' functions satisfies a linear recurrence relation of bounded order and degree. We derive this recurrence relation explicitly. It turns out that the coefficients of the differential operator which annihilates every piece of the function, as well as the locations of the discontinuities, appear in this recurrence in a precisely controlled manner. This leads to the formulation of a generic algorithm for reconstructing a piecewise D-finite function from its moments. We investigate the conditions for solvability of resulting linear systems in the general case, as well as analyse a few particular examples. We provide results of numerical simulations for several types of signals, which test the sensitivity of the proposed algorithm to noise.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105001
JournalInverse Problems
Volume25
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

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