Molecular detection of antibiotic resistance genes from positive blood cultures

Musa Y. Hindiyeh, Gill Smollan, Shiraz Gefen-Halevi, Ella Mendelson, Nathan Keller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rapid detection of the bacterial causative agent causing sepsis must be coupled with rapid identifi cation of the antibiotic resistant mechanism that the pathogen might possess. Real-time PCR (qPCR)-based assays have been extensively utilized in the clinical microbiology fi eld as diagnostic tools for the rapid detection of specifi c nucleic acid (NA) targets. In this chapter, we will discuss the technical aspects of using an internally controlled qPCR assay for the rapid detection of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase gene (blaKPC) in positive Bactec blood culture bottles. The multiplex qPCR (blaKPC /RNase P) utilizes specifi c primers and probes for the detection of the bacterial carbapenem resistance mechanism, blaKPC gene, and the internal control RNase P. The internal control of the qPCR assay is vital for detecting any inhibitors that are well known to be present in the blood culture bottles. Rapid detection of the antibiotic resistant mechanism present in the bacterial pathogen causing sepsis can help in better managing patients’ infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-108
Number of pages12
JournalMethods in Molecular Biology
Volume1237
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Blood culture bottles
  • Carbapenem resistance
  • Multidrug resistance
  • bla KPC

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