Molecular and clinical heterogeneity of adult G(M2) gangliosidosis

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Abstract

Adult G(M2) gangliosidosis is a rare autosomal recessive disease with widely varying neurological and psychiatric manifestations. It is caused by marked deficiency, but not total absence, of β-hexosaminidase (Hex) A, due to a single base change in the α-subunit gene of Hex, resulting in a substitution of Ser for Gly at position 269 in the α-subunit of the enzyme. The same mutation was identified in all investigated patients, most of whom are Ashkenazi Jews. Among previously studied non-Jewish patients of unrelated families this mutation appears either homozygously or in compound heterozygosity with an unidentified α-subunit mutation, whereas all Ashkenazi patients are compound heterozygotes. In all but one of them the other mutation is one of the Ashkenazi infantile Tay-Sachs alleles, while in one 76-year-old woman with very mild neurological symptoms, it is an unidentified α-subunit mutation. At present, the little correlation that seems to exist between these different genotypes and the severity of the disease poses a serious dilemma for genetic counselors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-298
Number of pages4
JournalDevelopmental Neuroscience
Volume13
Issue number4-5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ashkenazi Jews
  • G(M2) gangliosidosis
  • Genetic counseling
  • Polymerase chain reaction
  • Tay-Sachs disease
  • β-Hexosaminidase A

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