Molecular and cellular characterization of SEL-OB/SVEP1 in osteogenic cells in vivo and in vitro

I. Shur, R. Socher, M. Hameiri, A. Fried, D. Benayahu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We describe a novel human gene, named SEL-OB/SVEP1, expressed by skeletal tissues in vivo and by cultured osteogenic cells. The mRNA expression was analyzed on frozen tissues retrieved by laser-capture microscope dissection (LCM) and was detected in osteogenic tissues (periosteum and bone) but not in cartilage or skeletal muscle. The SEL-OB/SVEP1 cDNA of 11,139 bp was in silico translated into a 3574AA protein with expected molecular weight of 370 kDa. The protein is composed of multiple domains including complement control protein (CCP) modules with selectin superfamily signature; sushi and other domains, such as vWA, EGF, PTX, and HYR. Stromal osteogenic cells were analyzed for the protein expression using anti-SEL-OB/SVEP1 for immunoprecipitation and Western blot application confirm the presence of high molecular weight protein. Immuno-histochemistry and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) were applied to detect SEL-OB/SVEP1 on the surface of stromal cells. ELISA quantified the dependence of protein expression on cell density. Bioinformatic analysis of SEL-OB/SVEP1 revealed domains compositions recognized in cell surface molecules and suggested its role in cell adhesion. Analysis of mesechymal osteogenic cells' adhesion in presence of anti-SEL-OB/SVEP1 antibody demonstrated its interference with initial adhesion stages. In summary, present study describes novel SEL-OB/SVEP1 protein with a unique composition of functional domains, restricted pattern of expression in skeletal cells and demonstrated involvement in attachment of mesenchymal cells. The unusual composition of functional domains puts SEL-OB/SVEP1 in the discrete new group of membrane proteins involved in cell adhesion processes. All together makes SEL-OB/SVEP1 an attractive marker for studying the role of stromal osteogenic cells and their interactions within the bone marrow microenvironment creating a network that regulates the skeletal homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-427
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume206
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006

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