Modulational instability in binary spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates

Ishfaq Ahmad Bhat, T. Mithun, B. A. Malomed, K. Porsezian

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We study modulation instability (MI) of flat states in two-component spin-orbit-coupled (SOC) Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) in the framework of coupled Gross-Pitaevskii equations for two components of the pseudospinor wave function. The analysis is performed for equal densities of the components. Effects of the interaction parameters, Rabi coupling, and SOC on the MI are investigated. In particular, the results demonstrate that the SOC strongly alters the commonly known MI (immiscibility) condition, g122>g1g2, for the binary superfluid with coefficients g1,2 and g12 of the intra- and interspecies repulsive interactions. In fact, the binary BEC is always subject to the MI under the action of the SOC, which implies that the ground state of the system is plausibly represented by a striped phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063606
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2 Dec 2015


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