Human visual perception can be improved through perceptual learning. However, such learning is often specific to stimulus and learning conditions. Here, we explored how temporal dynamics of performance across conditions impact learning generalization. Participants performed a visual task, with the target at retinotopic location A. Then, the target was presented at location B either immediately after location A (same-session performance) or following a 48h consolidation period (different-session performance). Long-term generalization was measured the following week. Following initial training, both groups demonstrated generalization, consistent with previous accounts of fast learning. However, long-term generalization was enhanced in the same-session performance group. Consistently, improvements at locations A and B were correlated only following same-session performance, implying an integrated learning process across locations. The results support a new account of perceptual learning and generalization dynamics, suggesting that the temporal proximity of learning and consolidation of different conditions may integrate correlated learning processes, facilitating generalized learning.
- Biological sciences
- Cognitive neuroscience