Modular variables in quantum theory

Yakir Aharonov, Hugh Pendleton, Aage Petersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The non-local aspects of interaction between quantum systems are investigated. These aspects are particularly conspicuous in quantum phenomena without a classical analog, such as the quantum effects of electromagnetic potentials. The study of the potential effect leads to the introduction of a new type of dynamical variable, the modular variable, which brings out the physical features of quantum mechanical non-locality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-230
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Theoretical Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 1969
Externally publishedYes


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