Sensory modulation and trauma-related symptoms during rocket attacks

Translated title of the contribution: Sensory modulation and trauma-related symptoms during rocket attacks

Shaked Charny, Gabriel Cao, Lee Gafter, Tami Bar-Shalita, Yael Lahav*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: War is a highly traumatogenic experience that may result in trauma-related symptoms during exposure. Although most individuals exhibit recovery after the trauma ends, symptomatology during exposure may serve as an initial indicator underlying symptomatology at the posttraumatic phase, hence the imperative to identify risk factors for trauma-related symptoms during the peritraumatic phase. While research has uncovered several factors associated with peritraumatic distress, such as age, gender, history of mental disorder, perceived threat, and perceived social support, the role of sensory modulation has not been explored. Method: To address this gap, 488 Israeli citizens were assessed using an online survey for sensory modulation and trauma-related symptoms during rocket attacks. Results: Analyses revealed that while the association between high sensory responsiveness and elevated levels of specific trauma-related symptoms is somewhat weak (0.19<r<.0.22), it serves as a major risk factor for developing trauma-related symptoms during the peritraumatic phase in general. Specifically, the risk for elevated symptoms was doubled (OR = 2.11) for each increase in the high sensory-responsiveness score, after controlling for age, gender, history of mental disorder, perceived threat, and perceived social support. Limitations: This study relied on convenience sampling and a cross-sectional design. Conclusions: The present findings suggest that sensory modulation evaluation may serve as an important screening tool for identifying individuals who are vulnerable to trauma-related symptoms during the peritraumatic phase, and that implementing sensory modulation strategies as part of preventative interventions for PTSD might be effective.

Translated title of the contributionSensory modulation and trauma-related symptoms during rocket attacks
Original languageEnglish
Article number2213110
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Trauma-related symptoms
  • perceived social support
  • perceived threat
  • sensory modulation
  • trauma
  • war

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