Modified natural cycle using GnRH antagonist can be an optional treatment in poor responders undergoing IVF

Shai E. Elizur, Dilek Aslan, Adrian Shulman, Boaz Weisz, David Bider, Jehoshua Dor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist supplementation during natural cycles in poor responders undergoing IVF-ET treatment. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 540 cycles of 433 suitable patients who were divided by treatment protocol into modified natural, antagonist, and long agonist groups. There were 52 modified natural cycles with GnRH antagonist supplementation, 200 stimulated cycles with GnRH antagonist, and 288 long GnRH agonist cycles. Cycle characteristics and treatment outcomes were compared between the groups. Results: The mean number of oocytes retrieved in the modified natural group was significantly lower than in the stimulated antagonist and long agonist groups (1.4 ± 0.5 vs. 2.3 ± 1.1 and 2.5 ± 1.1, respectively, p < 0.05). The respective implantation and pregnancy rates were 10% and 14.3%, 6.75% and 10.2%, and 7.4% and 10.6%. Cycle outcome and cycle properties were similar. Conclusions: Modified natural IVF cycle with GnRH antagonist supplementation is a feasible alternative to ovarian stimulation protocols in poor responders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-79
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2005

Keywords

  • GnRH antagonists
  • IVF
  • Natural cycle
  • Ovulation induction
  • Poor ovarian response

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