Mode of delivery in pregnant women with hypertensive disorders and unfavorable cervix following induction of labor with vaginal application of prostaglandin E2

Avi Ben-Haroush*, Yariv Yogev, Hagit Glickman, Boris Kaplan, Moshe Hod, Jacob Bar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Our aim was to evaluate the mode of delivery in pregnant women with hypertensive disorders and unfavorable cervix following induction of labor with vaginal application of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) near or at term, and to define the predictors of successful vaginal delivery in such women. Methods. In a retrospective case-controlled study, pregnant women with hypertension, who underwent labor induction with PGE2 tablets (study group, n = 284), were compared with women, who underwent elective induction of labor (group 2, n = 115), and women with normal spontaneous onset of labor (group 3, n = 510). Results. The rate of cesarean section (CS) was significantly higher in the study group (25.3%) than in group 2 (14.8%) and in group 3 (9%). Exclusion of the nulliparous women from the study and control groups yielded similar CS rates in the study group (16.9%) and in group 2 (11.1%). Women with pre-eclampsia and the women with chronic hypertension or pregnancy-induced hypertension had similar rates of CS. In logistic regression model, nulliparity, induction of labor with PGE2, and maternal age, but not hypertensive disorders, were independently and significantly associated with increased risk of CS. Conclusions. PGE2 induction of labor is successful in approximately 75% of patients with hypertensive disorders and unfavorable cervix, with apparently no serious maternal or fetal complications. The induction of labor by itself, and not the hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, is independent risk factor for CS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)665-671
Number of pages7
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Volume84
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2005

Keywords

  • Hypertension
  • Labor induction
  • Pregnancy
  • Prostaglandin

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Mode of delivery in pregnant women with hypertensive disorders and unfavorable cervix following induction of labor with vaginal application of prostaglandin E2'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this