Modal and excitation asymmetries in magnetodielectric particle chains

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We study the properties of dipolar wave propagation in linear chains of isotropic particles with independent electric and magnetic response, embedded in vacuum. It is shown that the chain can support simultaneously right-handed modes (RHMs) and left-handed modes (LHMs) of transverse polarization. The LHMs are supported by the structure even if the chain's particles possess positive polarizabilities and no Bi isotropy; the needed structural Bi isotropy is provided by the propagator instead of by the particle's local properties. In contrast to the transverse modes in chains that consist of purely electric particles that are inherently RHM, the LHM dispersion lacks the light-line branch since the dipolar features are not aligned with the electric and magnetic fields of a right-handed plane-wave solution in free space. Furthermore, it is shown that the spatial width of the LHM is significantly smaller than that of the RHM. Excitation theory is developed, and it is shown that the chain possesses modal and excitation asymmetries that can be used to eliminate reflections from the chain's termination.

Original languageEnglish
Article number235114
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number23
StatePublished - 5 Dec 2016


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