Mitochondrial RNA degradation plays an important role in maintenance of the mitochondria genetic integrity. Mitochondrial localization of p53 was observed in non-stressed and stressed cells. p53, as an RNA-binding protein, exerts 3′→5′ exoribonuclease activity. The data suggest that in non-stressed cells, mitochondrial matrix-localized p53, with exoribonuclease activity, may play a housekeeping positive role. p53, through restriction the formation of new RNA/DNA hybrid and processing R-loop, might serve as mitochondrial R-loop suppressor. Conversely, stress-induced matrix-p53 decreases the amount of mitochondrial single-stranded RNA transcripts (including polyA- and non-polyA RNAs), thereby leading to the decline in the amount of mitochondria-encoded oxidative phosphorylation components.
- Mitochondrial RNA