Mitochondrial-DNA Sequence Evidence on the Phylogeny of Australian Jack-Jumper Ants of the Myrmecia pilosula Complex

R. H. Crozier, N. Dobric, H. T. Imai, D. Graur, J. M. Cornuet, R. W. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Australian ants of the Myrmecia pilosula species complex include some individuals (in M. croslandi) with the lowest possible metazoan chromosome number of 2n = 2. Others in this cluster of sibling species have much higher numbers, the known maximum being 2n = 32. Two species (M. pilosula and M. ′banksi′) are believed on cytogenetic and morphological grounds to have hybridized over a long period. To investigate the phylogeny and age of this group relative to the congeneric outgroup species M. gulosa, we sequenced part of the cytochrome b gene and the intergenic sequence between it and a primer anchored on the nearby tRNASerUCN gene and analyzed the coding region using bootstrapped parsimony and neighbor-joining trees using the numbers of synonymous and nonsynonymous codons per site. The intergenic space demonstrated a profusion of repeated sequences, and only very closely related sequences (as judged by that for cytochrome b) showed detectable similarity at this almost 100% A + T region. In agreement with predictions from karyotype studies, the phylogenetic analyses showed that M. croslandi is the sister group to the other siblings; the time of separation of M. croslandi from the rest of the pilosula group is unexpectedly ancient. Other relationships were poorly resolved, but the results suggest that M. ′banski′ and M. pilosula cluster together, as expected on cytogenetic grounds, and the tentative suggestion of close affinity of the M. pilosula samples and two “PB” samples supports derivation of PB from female M. pilosula and male M.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-30
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1995

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