Mitigation of Postsurgical Scars Using Lasers: A Review

Ofir Artzi*, Or Friedman, Firas Al-Niaimi, Yoram Wolf, Joseph N. Mehrabi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Most postsurgical scars are considered esthetically and functionally acceptable. Currently, there is no definite consensus treatment for postsurgical scarring. The purpose of this review is to shed some light on the value of scar mitigation and the efficacy of different lasers employed on postsurgical wounds. Methods: A systematic literature review and computational analysis were conducted to identify relevant clinical articles that pertained to the use of lasers for mitigating postsurgical scars. Articles included the National Institutes of Health-National Center for Biotechnology Information-PubMed search and sources cited from relevant studies after 1995. Trials that attributed pre-And posttreatment scores of scar severity based on a verified scar evaluation scale (eg, Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale, Vancouver Scar Scale, Global Assessment Scale) were chosen. Clinical assessments varied for each study. To adequately assess the efficacy of the modalities, the final scaled scar appearance scores were realigned and normalized to a standard scale for unbiased comparison. Results: After filtering through a total of 124 studies, 14 relevant studies were isolated and thus included in the review. Studied lasers were as follows: Pulsed dye laser (PDL), carbon dioxide, diode, potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP), and erbium glass (Er-Glass) lasers. Conclusion: Treatment with lasers in the postsurgical wound healing phase is safe, effective, and advised in mitigation of pathologic scar formation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2746
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

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