miR expression profiling at diagnosis predicts relapse in pediatric precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Smadar Avigad, Iedan Rn Verly, Asaf Lebel, Oshrit Kordi, Keren Shichrur, Anat Ohali, Michal Hameiri-Grossman, Gertjan Jl Kaspers, Jacqueline Cloos, Eva Fronkova, Jan Trka, Drorit Luria, Yona Kodman, Hadar Mirsky, Dafna Gaash, Marta Jeison, Galia Avrahami, Sarah Elitzur, Gil Gilad, Batia StarkIsaac Yaniv

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Our aim was to identify miRNAs that can predict risk of relapse in pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Following high-throughput miRNA expression analysis (48 samples), five miRs were selected for further confirmation performed by real time quantitative PCR on a cohort of precursor B-cell ALL patients (n=138). The results were correlated with clinical parameters and outcome. Low expression of miR-151-5p, and miR-451, and high expression of miR-1290 or a combination of all three predicted inferior relapse free survival (P=0.007, 0.042, 0.025, and <0.0001, respectively). Cox regression analysis identified aberrant expression of the three miRs as an independent prognostic marker with a 10.5-fold increased risk of relapse (P=0.041) in PCR-MRD non-high risk patients. Furthermore, following exclusion of patients harboring IKZF1 deletion, the aberrant expression of all three miRs could identify patients with a 24.5-fold increased risk to relapse (P<0.0001). The prognostic relevance of the three miRNAs was evaluated in a non-BFM treated precursor B-cell ALL cohort (n=33). A significant correlation between an aberrant expression of at least one of the three miRs and poor outcome was maintained (P<0.0001). Our results identify an expression profile of miR-151-5p, miR-451, and miR-1290 as a novel biomarker for outcome in pediatric precursor B-cell ALL patients, regardless of treatment protocol. The use of these markers may lead to improved risk stratification at diagnosis and allow early therapeutic interventions in an attempt to improve survival of high risk patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-339
Number of pages12
JournalGenes Chromosomes and Cancer
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2016

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