Minimum standards for inpatient long-term video-electroencephalographic monitoring: A clinical practice guideline of the International League Against Epilepsy and International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology

William O. Tatum, Jayanti Mani, Kazutaka Jin, Jonathan J. Halford, David Gloss, Firas Fahoum, Louis Maillard, Ian Mothersill, Sandor Beniczky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this clinical practice guideline is to provide recommendations on the indications and minimum standards for inpatient long-term video-electroencephalographic monitoring (LTVEM). The Working Group of the International League Against Epilepsy and the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology develop guidelines aligned with the Epilepsy Guidelines Task Force. We reviewed published evidence using the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis) statement. We found limited high-level evidence aimed at specific aspects of diagnosis for LTVEM performed to evaluate patients with seizures and nonepileptic events. For classification of evidence, we used the Clinical Practice Guideline Process Manual of the American Academy of Neurology. We formulated recommendations for the indications, technical requirements, and essential practice elements of LTVEM to derive minimum standards used in the evaluation of patients with suspected epilepsy using GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation). Further research is needed to obtain evidence about long-term outcome effects of LTVEM and to establish its clinical utility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)290-315
Number of pages26
JournalEpilepsia
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • diagnosis
  • nonepileptic
  • seizures
  • surgery
  • video-EEG

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