Minimizing the Risk of Infection and Bleeding at Trans-Vaginal Ultrasound-Guided Ovum Pick-up: Results of a Prospective Web-Based World-Wide Survey

Harish Bhandari*, Rina Agrawal, Ariel Weissman, Gon Shoham, Milton Leong, Zeev Shoham

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to identify clinical practices worldwide, which would help in recognizing women at risk of excessive bleeding or of developing pelvic infection following trans-vaginal ovum pick-up (TV-OPU), measures taken to minimize risks and their management. Method: A prospective, web-based questionnaire with distinct questions related to the practice of TV-OPU. Results: A total of 155 units from 55 countries performing 97,200 IVF cycles annually responded to this web-based survey. A majority (65 %) responded that they would routinely carry out full blood count, while 35 % performed coagulation profile. Less than a third agreed screening women for vaginal infections. About a third used both sterile water and antiseptic to minimize ascending infection, and 52 % used antibiotics for prophylaxis. Doppler ultrasound was routinely used by 20 % of clinicians. 73 % of the clinicians preferred conservative management as their first line management for patients diagnosed with intra-abdominal bleeding. Conclusion: The study has identified a wide variation in the practices of minimizing infection and bleeding complications. The dearth of good quality evidence may be responsible for the lack of published guidelines, and therefore a lack of consensus on the optimum practice for minimizing the risk of infection and bleeding during TV-OPU.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-395
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Modern Transportation
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Bleeding
  • Complications
  • In-vitro fertilization
  • Infection
  • Ovum pick-up

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