Mini-HoLEP (MILEP) vs HoLEP: a propensity score-matched analysis

Tarek Taha, Ziv Savin, Karin Lifshitz, Yotam Veredgorn, Tomer Mendelson, Yuval Bar-Yosef, Ofer Yossepowitch, Mario Sofer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and purpose: Minimal invasiveness improves outcome in many surgical fields including urology. We aimed to assess intraoperative performance and clinical outcome of miniaturized holmium laser enucleation of prostate (MiLEP) (22FR). Methods: We ran a propensity score-matched analysis among all consecutive laser enucleations of prostate performed between 9/2022 and 2/2023. It resulted in two matched comparison groups: MiLEP 22 FR (n = 40) and holmium laser enucleation of prostate (HoLEP 26 Fr) (n = 40). Statistical analysis was performed. Results: MiLEP was associated with significantly less intraoperative irrigation (20.5 L vs 15 L, p = 0.002E−3), less decrease in body core temperature (0.6°C vs 0.1°C, p = 0.003E−5), and less need for meatal dilation (25% vs 78%, p = 0.01E−3). These parameters were identified as being independent in the multivariate analysis. There was a trend toward less and a shorter period of postoperative stress incontinence (SI) for the MiLEP group compared to the HoLEP group: 15% and 42% (p = 0.01) at 1 month, 8% and 14% (p = 0.07) at 2 months, and 0 and 0.3% (p = 1) at 3 months, respectively. There were no differences in prostatic enucleation effectiveness, operative time, hospital stay, complications, and improvement in the international prostate symptom score and quality of life score. Conclusions: MiLEP is feasible and provides better maintenance of body core temperature, reduction in amount of fluid irrigation, and decrease in need for meatal dilation without affecting effectiveness in comparison with HoLEP. MiLEP may reduce early postoperative stress incontinence, thereby shortening the recovery period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2801-2807
Number of pages7
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2023


  • BPH
  • HoLEP


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