Mineralocorticoid receptor blockade improves arginine transport and nitric oxide generation through modulation of cationic amino acid transporter-1 in endothelial cells

Moshe Shashar, Tamar Hod, Tamara Chernichovski, Avital Angel, Shaul Kazan, Ayelet Grupper, Sivan Naveh, Orit Kliuk-Ben Bassat, Talia Weinstein, Idit F. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Blockade of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MCR) has been shown to improve endothelial function far beyond blood pressure control. In the current studies we have looked at the effect of MCR antagonists on cationic amino acid transporter-1 (CAT-1), a major modulator of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) generation. Using radio-labeled arginine, {[ 3 H] L-arginine} uptake was determined in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) following incubation with either spironolactone or eplerenone with or without silencing of MCR. Western blotting for CAT-1, PKCα and their phosphorylated forms were performed. NO generation was measured by using Griess reaction assay. Both Spironolactone and eplerenone significantly increased endothelial arginine transport, an effect which was further augmented by co-incubation with aldosterone, and blunted by either silencing of MCR or co-administration of amiloride. Following MCR blockade, we identified two bands for CAT-1. The addition of tunicamycin (an inhibitor of protein glycosylation) or MCR silencing resulted in disappearance of the extra band and prevented the increase in arginine transport. Only spironolactone decreased CAT-1 phosphorylation through inhibition of PKCα (CAT-1 inhibitor). Subsequently, incubation with either MCR antagonists significantly augmented NO2/NO3 levels (stable NO metabolites) and this was attenuated by silencing of MCR or tunicamycin. GO 6076 (PKCα inhibitor) intensified the increase of NO metabolites only in eplerenone treated cells. In conclusion spironolactone and eplerenone augment arginine transport and NO generation through modulation of CAT-1 in endothelial cells. Both MCR antagonists activate CAT-1 by inducing its glycosylation while only spironolactone inhibits PKCα.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-31
Number of pages8
JournalNitric Oxide - Biology and Chemistry
Volume80
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2018

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