Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist use in eligible patients following acute myocardial infarction: Real world data from the Acute Coronary Syndrome Israeli Surveys: 2004-2010

Edward Koifman*, Eran Kopel, Elad Maor, Paul Fefer, Shlomi Matezky, Goeffrey Tofler, Ashraf Hamdan, Ehud Grossman, Ilan Goldenberg, Robert Klempfner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Following the EPHESUS trial in 2003, mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (MRA) therapy received a class I indication for the management of eligible high-risk post-MI patients. Our goal was to examine temporal trends in MRA use in eligible post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients. Methods We investigated temporal trends and factors associated with MRA utilization among eligible patients enrolled in the biannual Acute Coronary Syndrome Israeli Surveys (ACSIS) 2004-2010. Results Among 7696 patients enrolled in the ACSIS surveys from 2004, 955 (12%) were eligible for MRA therapy. In this population, prescription of MRAs at discharge from the index event showed a modest increase from 21% to 25% over the six-year period, whereas utilization of other guideline recommended drugs, including angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/receptor blockers and β-blockers was > 2-fold higher. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that independent predictors of MRA prescription at discharge included a higher degree of left ventricular dysfunction (LVEF ≤ 30% vs. 31-40%: OR = 2.19; p = 0.02), history of heart failure prior to admission (OR = 1.92; p < 0.004), admission Killip ≥ II (OR = 1.78; p = 0.004), and an anterior location of the index MI (OR = 1.54; p = 0.03). MRA utilization was not associated with an increased risk for adverse events or rehospitalization at 30 days of follow-up. Conclusions In a real world setting, approximately one quarter of eligible post-MI patients are treated with an MRA following the index event, without a significant time-dependent change in this management strategy. MRAs are more likely to be underutilized in eligible lower-risk patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3971-3976
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume168
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 9 Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Heart failure
  • Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist

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