Min-max Kalman filtering

I. Yaesh, U. Shaked*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The problem of H-optimal state estimation of linear continuous-time systems that are measured with an additive white noise is addressed. The relevant cost function is the expected value of the standard H performance index, with respect to the measurement noise statistics. The solution is obtained by applying the matrix version of the maximum principle to the solution of the min-max problem in which the estimator tries to minimize the mean square estimation error and the exogenous disturbance tries to maximize it while being penalized for its energy. The solution is given in terms of two coupled Riccati difference equations from which the filter gains are derived. In the case where an infinite penalty is imposed on the energy of the exogenous disturbance, the celebrated Kalman filter is recovered. In the stationary case, where all the signals are stationary, an upper-bound on the solutions of the coupled Riccati equations is obtained via a solution of coupled linear matrix inequalities. The resulting filter then guarantees a bound on the estimation error covariance matrix. An illustrative example is given where the velocity of a maneuvering target has to be estimated utilizing noisy measurements of the position.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-228
Number of pages12
JournalSystems and Control Letters
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Nov 2004


FundersFunder number
Tel Aviv University


    • Kalman filter
    • Min-max estimation
    • Stochastic H Filtering
    • Tracking


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