Mild radiographic osteoarthritis is associated with increased pain and dissatisfaction following total knee arthroplasty when compared with severe osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Noam Shohat*, Snir Heller, Dan Sudya, Ilan Small, Kefah Khawalde, Muhammad Khatib, Mustafa Yassin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The association between severity of radiographic osteoarthritis with patient pain, function, and satisfaction following total knee arthroplasty has been disputed. The discrepancies in current literature prompt us to further examine this association in a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: The OVID-Medline, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched from their inception up to Mar 2020. The main independent variable was osteoarthritis severity as defined by preoperative radiographs. The outcomes measured were pain, function and satisfaction following total knee arthroplasty. A minimum of three studies assessing the same patient-reported outcome measures were included in the meta-analysis, as well as those separating patients by chronic pain or dissatisfaction. Results: 29 studies were included in this study. Significant heterogeneity was seen between radiographic evaluation and reported outcomes. Patients with only mild radiographic osteoarthritis were more likely to suffer from chronic pain (odds ratio = 2.45, 95% CI = 1.80–3.34, p < 0.001) and dissatisfaction (odds ratio = 2.43, 95% CI = 1.79–3.31, p < 0.001) compared to patients with severe osteoarthritis. A significant association was found between mild radiographic severity and lower total Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis scores (95% CI = − 0.37–0.06, p = 0.006) as well as Knee Society Scores (CI: − 0.54–0.16, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Patients with mild radiographic osteoarthritis are anticipated to gain less from total knee arthroplasty compared to those with severe osteoarthritis. They are also at risk for chronic pain and dissatisfaction and should be consulted about this risk prior to surgery. Level of evidence: III.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)965-981
Number of pages17
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Dissatisfaction
  • Functional outcomes
  • Patient-reported outcomes
  • Radiographic severity
  • Total knee arthroplasty

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