The early Iron Age (twelfth-eleventh centuries BC) in the southern Levant (Israel/Palestine) saw the disintegration of Egyptian imperial control and of the Canaanite city-state system that had characterized the region in the Late Bronze Age. New social and cultural groups - Philistines and Israelites - appeared on the historical stage. Recent archaeological research has added much new data about both groups, yet has also questioned (rightly or wrongly) traditional paradigms concerning their emergence in the land. When critically examined, it becomes clear that Philistine and Israelite identities are dialectically related. A variety of processes visible in the archaeological record - migration, interaction, border encounters, and separation - led to ethnic negotiation and demarcation. Moreover the Canaanite population, the substratum upon which the new group identities were built, played a neglected yet highly important role in the processes of ethnogenesis that took place in the region during the early Iron Age.
|Title of host publication||The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean|
|Editors||A. Bernard Knapp, Peter Alexander René van Dommelen|
|Place of Publication||New York|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press|
|Number of pages||14|
|State||Published - 2014|