Middle School Transition from the Strengths Perspective: Young Adolescents' Character Strengths, Subjective Well-Being, and School Adjustment

Anat Shoshani*, Michelle Slone

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The study examined the longitudinal associations of adolescents' character strengths with subjective well-being and school adjustment during the pivotal period of the transition to middle school. The study followed 417 students and 13 teachers from four public middle schools in the center of Israel during seventh and eighth grade. Students completed questionnaires about their character strengths, life satisfaction, and positive and negative affects. Students' school adjustment was measured through grade point average and questionnaires given to the students' teachers. Findings provided extensive support for the associations among character strengths, subjective well-being (SWB), and middle school adjustment. Intellectual and temperance strengths were central in the prediction of students' school performance and achievements. Interpersonal strengths were significantly related to social functioning at school. Temperance and transcendence strengths were robust positive predictors of students' SWB. The findings extend existing knowledge about character and its relation to optimal functioning and well-being among young adolescents, and have important practical implications for applying strengths-building practices at middle schools.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1163-1181
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Keywords

  • Adjustment
  • Adolescents
  • School
  • Strengths
  • Transition
  • Well-being

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