Mid-term results of vascular ring surgery

Gabriel Amir*, Niv Soffair, Elchanan Bruckheimer, Elchanan Nachum, Tommy Shoenfeld, Amichai Rotstein, Georgy Frenkel, Einat Birk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Vascular rings cause respiratory symptoms in children. Treatment consists of surgical division; however, data regarding mid-term results are scarce. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical results of vascular ring surgery. Methods: Retrospective chart review of consecutive patients who underwent vascular ring surgery. Mid-term follow-up consisted of clinic visits and telephone questionnaire over a 1-year period sampling at five points in time. Results: Follow-up of 85 patients who underwent vascular rings surgery revealed significant symptomatic improvement within 6 months. In total, 50% were symptomatic to some degree at their last documented clinic visit complaining of stridor (36.8%), cough (34.2%), wheezing (10.5%), dyspnoea on exertion (10.5%), or recurrent respiratory infections (23.7%). By telephone questionnaires, 83% described a significant improvement in respiratory symptoms, 63.4% had some residual symptoms, 36.6% stridor, 38.8% chronic cough, 32.4% bronchodilator use,18.3% had at least one episode of pneumonia per year, 31% of children had dyspnoea or respiratory limitation, and 12.7% while doing physical activities. We found no association between the age at surgery or anatomic variant to the presence of symptoms at mid-term follow-up. Conclusions: Surgical division of vascular rings results in significant clinical improvement within 1 year; nevertheless, some patients remain symptomatic to some degree. We found no association between the age at surgery or anatomic variant to the presence of symptoms at mid-term follow-up. Further evaluation is warranted to assess the nature of residual symptoms and explore whether anatomical causes can be identified leading to surgical modifications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1415-1420
Number of pages6
JournalCardiology in the Young
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Vascular ring surgery
  • long term
  • symptoms

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