Microvascular surgery in the previously operated and irradiated neck

Matthew M. Hanasono, Yoav Barnea, Roman J. Skoracki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Microvascular reconstruction of head and neck defects can be extremely challenging in patients with a history of prior neck dissection and/or irradiation. We reviewed of 261 head and neck free flaps performed between 2004 and 2007 at a tertiary cancer center. One hundred twenty-four (52%) free flaps were performed in patients with a history of prior neck dissection and/or irradiation. The ipsilateral external carotid artery or one of its branches was not available in 43 (19%) cases: 13 with no history of prior neck dissection or irradiation, and 30 with a history of prior neck dissection and/or irradiation (P = 0.03). The ipsilateral internal/external jugular veins (IJ/EJ) were not available in 37 (16%) cases: 11 with no history of prior neck dissection or irradiation, and 26 with a history of prior neck dissection and/or irradiation (P = 0.002). Strategies for dealing with lack of a recipient vessels included anastomosis to contralateral neck vessels, transverse cervical vessels, internal mammary vessels, the cephalic vein, and the pedicle of another free flap. We propose an algorithm for locating recipient vessels adequate for microvascular anastomosis should the ipsilateral external carotid arterial and/or the internal/external jugular venous systems not be available, such as in the setting of prior neck dissection or irradiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalMicrosurgery
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Microvascular surgery in the previously operated and irradiated neck'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this