Microstructural information from angular double-pulsed-field-gradient NMR: From model systems to nerves

Darya Morozov, Leah Bar, Nir Sochen, Yoram Cohen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose To evaluate the ability of angular double-pulsed-field gradient (d-PFG) MR to provide microstructural information in complex phantoms and fixed nerves. Methods We modeled the signal in angular d-PFG MR experiments performed on phantoms of increasing complexity where the ground truth is known a priori. After analyzing the microstructural features of such phantoms the same methodology was used to study microstructural features in fixed nerves. Results We found that our modeling is able to determine with high accuracy and with very little prior knowledge the sizes and relative fractions of the restricted components as well as the fraction of the free diffusing water molecules. The same approach was used to study nerve microstructure. We found the apparent averaged axonal diameter (AAD) to be 2.3 ± 0.2 μm. However, here the results depended, to some extent, on the parameters used to collect the data and were affected by the diffusion time. Conclusion Modeling of the angular d-PFG MR signal provides a means to obtain accurate microstructural information in complex phantoms where the ground truth is known. This approach also seems to be suitable for obtaining microstructural features in fixed nerves. Magn Reson Med 74:25-32, 2015.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume74
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2015

Keywords

  • NMR spectroscopy
  • diffusion NMR
  • double-pulsed-field-gradient (d-PFG)
  • microstructure
  • nerve

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