Microsphere intestinal blood flow analysis during pneumoperitoneum using carbon dioxide and helium

D. Goitein, P. Papasavas*, W. Yeaney, D. Gagne, F. Hayetian, P. Caushaj, R. Keenan, R. Landreneau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Background: Pneumoperitoneum has been associated with a decreased flow in the superior mesenteric artery and portal venous system. Intestinal blood flow was studied during a 2-h pneumoperitoneum with carbon dioxide (CO2) or helium in a porcine model using colored microspheres. Methods: For this study, 12 pigs were divided into two groups (6 CO2 and 6 helium). Different colored microspheres were injected directly into the left ventricle before, 40, 80, and 120 min after insufflation with either gas at a pressure of 15 mmHg. Microsphere concentration was measured in the mucosa and muscularis/serosa layers of the jejunum, cecum, and sigmoid colon to calculate blood flow. Results: Intestinal perfusion initially increases with insufflation and returns to near baseline levels during pneumoperitoneum of 2 h. The effect of helium on tissue perfusion is similar to that of carbon dioxide. Conclusions: Intestinal perfusion does not change significantly during prolonged pneumoperitoneum at a pressure of 15 mmHg with CO2 or helium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-545
Number of pages5
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Intestinal perfusion
  • Microspheres
  • Pneumoperitoneum


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