MicroRNA involvement in allergic and non-allergic mast cell activation

Irit Shefler, Pazit Salamon, Yoseph A. Mekori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Allergic inflammation is accompanied by the coordinated expression of numerous genes and proteins that initiate, sustain, and propagate immune responses and tissue remodeling. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a large class of small regulatory molecules that are able to control the translation of target mRNAs and consequently regulate various biological processes at the posttranscriptional level. MiRNA profiles have been identified in multiple allergic inflammatory diseases and in the tumor microenvironment. Mast cells have been found to co-localize within the above conditions. More specifically, in addition to being essential in initiating the allergic response, mast cells play a key role in both innate and adaptive immunity as well as in modulating tumor growth. This review summarizes the possible role of various miRNAs in the above-mentioned processes wherein mast cells have been found to be involved. Understanding the role of miRNAs in mast cell activation and function may serve as an important tool in developing diagnostic as well as therapeutic approaches in mast cell-dependent pathological conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2145
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume20
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2019

Keywords

  • Inflammation
  • Mast cells
  • MicroRNA

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